Amendment in One Person Company & Small Company w.e.f. 01-04-2021


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A. ONE PERSON COMPANY (The amendment will be effective from 01st April 2021)

1. Who can Incorporate OPC :

Current Provisions: OPC can only be incorporated by a natural person who is an Indian citizen and resident in India

Proposed by Union Budget 2021-22: Now OPC can also be incorporated by Non- Resident Indian (NRI).

2. Who will be considered as resident in India

Current Provisions: A person who has stayed in India for a period of not less then 182 days during the immediately preceding financial year

Proposed by Union Budget 2021-22: A Person who has stayed in India for a period of not less than 120 days during the immediately preceding financial year.

3. Conversion of OPC into any other kind of Company (voluntarily conversion)

Current Provisions: An OPC cannot voluntarily convert itself into any other kind of company unless it fulfils any of these conditions:

• A period of 2 years is expired from the date of its incorporation; or

• Its paid  up  share  capital  is  increased beyond 50 lakh rupees; or

• It average  annual  turnover  during  the relevant period exceeds 2 crore

Proposed by Union Budget 2021-22: An OPC can voluntarily convert itself into any kind of company at any time without meeting any of the criteria’s as to paid up share capital and average annual turnover.

4. The requirement of compulsory conversion: on exceeding the specified turnover or paid-up capital is done away with and now the One Person Company can grow without any restriction.

B. SMALL COMPANY (The amendment will be effective from 01st April 2021)

Current Provisions: A Small company means a private company which fulfills the following conditions:

1. Paid up Share Capital does not exceed ₹ 50 lakh; and

2. Turnover does not exceed ₹ 2 Crore

Proposed by Union Budget 2021-22: A Small company means a private company which fulfils the following conditions:

1. Paid up Share Capital does not exceed ₹ 2 Crore; and

2. Turnover does not exceed ₹ 20 Crore


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