Section 128 of the Companies Act, Books of Account, etc., to be kept by Company

Section 128 (1) of the Companies Act 2013:
  • Every company shall prepare and keep at its registered office books of account and other relevant books and papers and financial statement for every financial year which give a true and fair view of the state of the affairs of the company, including that of its branch office or offices, if any, and
  • Explain the transactions effected both at the registered office and its branches and
  • Such books shall be kept on accrual basis and
  • According to the double entry system of accounting:

Provided that all or any of the books of account aforesaid and other relevant papers may be kept at such other place in India as the Board of Directors may decide and where such a decision is taken, the company shall, within seven days thereof, file with the Registrar a notice in writing giving the full address of that other place

Provided further that the company may keep such books of account or other relevant papers in electronic mode in such manner as may be prescribed.

Section 128 (2) of the Companies Act 2013:
  • Where a company has a branch office in India or outside India, it shall be deemed to have complied with the provisions of sub-section (1), if proper books of account relating to the transactions effected at the branch office are kept at that office and
  • Proper summarised returns periodically are sent by the branch office to the company at its registered office or the other place referred to in sub-section (1).
Section 128 (3) of the Companies Act 2013:
  • The books of account and other books and papers maintained by the company within India shall be open for inspection at the registered office of the company or at such other place in India by any director during business hours, and
  • In the case of financial information, if any, maintained outside the country, copies of such financial information shall be maintained and produced for inspection by any director subject to such conditions as may be prescribed:

Provided that the inspection in respect of any subsidiary of the company shall be done only by the person authorised in this behalf by a resolution of the Board of Directors.

Section 128 (4) of the Companies Act 2013:
  • Where an inspection is made under sub-section (3), the officers and other employees of the company shall give to the person making such inspection all assistance in connection with the inspection which the company may reasonably be expected to give.
Section 128 (5) of the Companies Act 2013:
  • The books of account of every company relating to a period of not less than eight financial years immediately preceding a financial year, or where the company had been in existence for a period less than eight years, in respect of all the preceding years together with the vouchers relevant to any entry in such books of account shall be kept in good order:

Provided that where an investigation has been ordered in respect of the company under Chapter XIV, the Central Government may direct that the books of account may be kept for such longer period as it may deem fit.

Section 128 (6) of the Companies Act 2013:

If the managing director, the whole-time director in charge of finance, the Chief Financial Officer or any other person of a company charged by the Board with the duty of complying with the provisions of this section, contravenes such provisions, such managing director, whole-time director in charge of finance, Chief Financial officer or such other person of the company shall be punishable with-

  • Imprisonment for a term which may extend to one year or
  • With fine which shall not be less than fifty thousand rupees but which may extend to five lakh rupees or
  • With both