Extract of Section 203 of Income Tax Act, 1961
Section 203. (1) Every person deducting tax in accordance with the foregoing provisions of this Chapter shall, within such period as may be prescribed from the time of credit or payment of the sum, or, as the case may be, from the time of issue of a cheque or warrant for payment of any dividend to a shareholder, furnish to the person to whose account such credit is given or to whom such payment is made or the cheque or warrant is issued, a certificate to the effect that tax has been deducted, and specifying the amount so deducted, the rate at which the tax has been deducted and such other particulars as may be prescribed.
Analysis of Section 203 of Income Tax Act, 1961
Issue of TDS Certificate
Every person deducting tax at source is required as per Section 203 of Income Tax Act, 1961 to furnish a certificate to the payee to the effect that tax has been deducted along with certain other particulars.
- In case of employees receiving salary income including pension, the certificate has to be issued in Form No.16.
- In all other cases, the TDS certificate is to be issued in Form 16B.
Form and Time Limit for issue of TDS Certificates
|Quarter Ending||TDS Return Due Date||Form 16A|
|30th June||31st July||15th August||
|30th September||31st October||15th November|
|31st December||31st January||15th February|
|31st March||31st May||15th June|
Issue of Duplicate Certificate
Where the original TDS certificate is lost, the deductee can approach the deductor for issue of a duplicate TDS certificate. The deductor may issue a duplicate certificate in Form No. 16 or Form 16A as the case may be. However such a certificate has to be certified as duplicate by the deductor. Further, the deductor may, at his option, use digital signatures to authenticate such certificates. In case of issue of such certificates the deductor shall ensure that-
a) The provisions of sub-rule (2) of Rule 31 regarding specification of TAN, PAN of deducteee book identification number; Challan identification number; receipt number of relevant quarterly statements etc. are complied with;
b) Once the certificate is digitally signed, the contents of the certificates are not amendable to change; and
c) The certificates have a control number and a log of such certificates is maintained by the deductor.