Section 203 of Income Tax Act : TDS Certificate

Extract of Section 203 of Income Tax Act, 1961

Section 203. (1)  Every person deducting tax in accordance with the foregoing provisions of this Chapter shall, within such period as may be prescribed from the time of credit or payment of the sum, or, as the case may be, from the time of issue of a cheque or warrant for payment of any dividend to a shareholder, furnish to the person to whose account such credit is given or to whom such payment is made or the cheque or warrant is issued, a certificate to the effect that tax has been deducted, and specifying the amount so deducted, the rate at which the tax has been deducted and such other particulars as may be prescribed.

(3) [***]

Analysis of Section 203 of Income Tax Act, 1961

Issue of TDS Certificate

Every person deducting tax at source is required as per Section 203 of Income Tax Act, 1961 to furnish a certificate to the payee to the effect that tax has been deducted along with certain other particulars.

  • In case of employees receiving salary income including pension, the certificate has to be issued in Form No.16.
  • In all other cases, the TDS certificate is to be issued in Form 16B.

Form and Time Limit for issue of TDS Certificates

Quarter EndingTDS Return Due DateForm 16A
TDS Certificate
Form 16
TDS Certificate
30th June31st July15th August

15th June
30th September31st October15th November
31st December31st January15th February
31st March31st May15th June

Issue of Duplicate Certificate

Where the original TDS certificate is lost, the deductee can approach the deductor for issue of a duplicate TDS certificate. The deductor may issue a duplicate certificate in Form No. 16 or Form 16A as the case may be. However such a certificate has to be certified as duplicate by the deductor. Further, the deductor may, at his option, use digital signatures to authenticate such certificates. In case of issue of such certificates the deductor shall ensure that-

a) The provisions of sub-rule (2) of Rule 31 regarding specification of TAN, PAN of deducteee book identification number; Challan identification number; receipt number of relevant quarterly statements etc. are complied with;

b) Once the certificate is digitally signed, the contents of the certificates are not amendable to change; and

c) The certificates have a control number and a log of such certificates is maintained by the deductor.